Infertility is a major concern in many women. It is estimated that 1 out of 6 couples suffer from infertility. Some of the main causes of infertility in women include age, Polycystic ovarian syndrome [PCOS], endometriosis, and weight.
There are different treatments of infertility depending on the cause. The treatments include;
- Fertility drugs
The commonly used fertility drugs include clomiphene and gonadotropins. These drugs regulate your reproductive hormones and trigger the release of one or more egg in each ovulation cycle. They are usually used within three to six months before conceiving or trying a different kind of treatment.
About 80% of women who take clomiphene ovulate within the first three months of treatment. Among them, 30-40% conceive by their third treatment cycle. The pregnancy rate for gonadotropins is 15% per cycle.
Surgery can also help to solve infertility. For example, it can fix genetic defects, blocked fallopian tubes, removes fibroids, remove the tissue of endometriosis, and treat PCOS. The common types of surgical procedures are laparoscopy and laparotomy.
Laparoscopy uses thin instruments and a lighted camera inserted through several small incisions in the abdomen. Laparotomy, on the other hand, is done through a large abdominal incision.
The success rate of these procedures depends on the condition and the surgery that is used to treat it. After the surgery; women with minimal endometriosis have about 40% chance of getting pregnant and 50% of women whose fallopian tubes are blocked can conceive.
- In Vitro Fertilization [IVF]
This process refers to when a physician removes eggs from your ovaries and then combined in a laboratory with sperm from your partner or donor. If fertilization occurs, the resulting embryos are transferred to your uterus. Embryos that are not replaced during a fresh cycle and are not of good quality are frozen for future use. This process is called cryopreservation.
IVF has the highest success rate of treatments that you use your own eggs. The IVF procedure at ivf Singapore is complex and can be uncomfortable to some. Each treatment plan is individual and varies from patient to patient, but the steps are similar.
- Intrauterine Insemination [IUI]
Sometimes the sperm might not find its way to the sperm easily. This is why Intrauterine Insemination [IUI] is used to help the sperm get to where it needs to go. During an IUI, a semen sample is collected and delivered to the lab where it is “cleaned”. The sperm is then placed into a syringe that is attached to a long, thin, soft, flexible catheter.
A speculum is inserted into the vagina so that the physician can see your cervix. The physician then wipes any cervical mucus. The tiny catheter is then inserted through the cervix into your uterus. Finally, the sperm is slowly injected.
- IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection [ICSI]
This treatment involves the direct injection of sperm into eggs obtained during in vitro fertilization [IVF] once the steps of ICSI have been completed and fertilization is successful, the embryo is transferred to the woman’s uterus. ICSI successfully fertilizes 60 t0 80 percent of eggs. After fertilization, your chance of having a baby is the same as couples who used IVF without ICSI.